SOCIOLOGY

Characteristics of Pluralism

Characteristics of Pluralism
Written by UPSCOPTIONAL

Write a note on Pluralism / Characteristics of Pluralism.

Ans – Pluralism is used, often in different ways, across a wide range of topics to denote a diversity of views, and stands in opposition to one single approach or method of interpretation. 

Benefice, in the sense of holding multiple ecclesiastical offices.

  1. Cosmic pluralism, the belief in numerous other worlds beyond the Earth, which may possess the conditions suitable for life.
  2. Cultural pluralism, when small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities.
  3. Economic pluralism, the diversity of economic methods including capitalism, cooperatives and laissez faire.
  4. Legal pluralism, acknowledges the existence of differing legal systems in the world.
  5. Methodological pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science and social science require multiple methods to account for their nature.
  6. Pluralism ( industrial relations ), recognition of a multiplicity of legitimate interests and stakeholders in the employment relationship.
  7. Pluralism ( philosophy ), entirely unrelated positions in monism of metaphysics and epistemology.
  8. Pluralism ( political philosophy ), the acknowledgement of a diversity of political systems.
  9. Pluralism ( political theory ), belief that there should be diverse and competing centers of power in society, so that there is a marketplace for ideas.
  10. Pluralist school, a Greek school of pre – Socratic philosophers.
  11. Religious pluralism, a term used to describe the acceptance of all religious paths as equally valid, promoting coexistence.
  12. Scientific pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science require multiple explanations to account for their nature.
  13. Value pluralism, the idea that there are several values which may be equally correct and fundamental, and yet in conflict with each other.
  14. Pluralistic Community, the school of Gann Academy, in Waltham is a pluralistic community, accepting all.

 

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